The objective of the Blueprint for a Sustainable Energy Partnership for the Americas was to indicate a pathway for an energy partnership that would become a core foreign policy objective for President Barack Obama. The project proposed to draw together the current and future market-oriented energy leaders of the hemisphere: Canada, Brazil, Trinidad and Tobago, and the US, and produce a document to be presented on the occasion of the Summit of the Americas (June 17-19, 2009) in Trinidad and Tobago, to the Presidents of the 34th countries of the Americas (and/or their foreign ministers). A secondary objective was to consult with all four governments throughout the project to ensure their “buy-in” and ultimately, to ensure adoption of the recommendations. All objectives were met.
An Energy Partnership Initiative was launched by the US government at the Summit of the Americas, and now the process that will define the content of this enterprise is starting to develop. Phase II, of which this blog space is an intricate part, intents to continue analyzing, proposing, and discussing all elements involved in the establishment of this Partnership.
Phase I – Partners
Canada: CIGI – Environment and Resources Working Group – Annette Hester and Jennifer Jeffs
United States: Council on Foreign Relations – Shannon O’Neil
Brazil: CEBRI – Denise Gregory and Adriana de Queiroz
Trinidad and Tobago: University of West Indies – Timothy Shaw and Anthony Bryan
Phase I – Project Team
Annette Hester is an economist, scholar and writer who specializes in western hemisphere energy politics and regulatory systems, as well as Canadian foreign and international trade policy, and Latin American economics and politics. She is a senior fellow at the Centre for International Governance Innovation in Waterloo, a senior associate at the Centre for Strategic and International Studies in Washington D.C., and a senior associate with the Canadian International Council. Ms. Hester also collaborates with the Centre d’études interaméricaines at Université Laval and the Canadian Defence & Foreign Affairs Institute. Prior to striking out on her own, Ms. Hester was the founding Director of the Latin American Research Centre (LARC) at the University of Calgary. Ms. Hester writes for multilateral institutions, academic publications and think-tanks, is a frequent contributor to Oxford Analytica and is also the author of numerous articles in the Oil and Gas Journal, the Estey Journal, and the Journal of Canadian Petroleum Technology, as well as a variety of newspapers such as the Globe and Mail, the Calgary Herald, and the Financial pages of the National Post and magazines such as Macleans and Alberta Oil. She is respected by the electronic media as an expert in Latin American political and economic issues and hemispheric energy integration.
Jennifer Jeffs holds the positions of Deputy Executive Director and Senior Fellow at CIGI. Her areas of expertise include international political economy, international financial payment systems and transnational networks. Dr. Jeffs writes on international financial markets and payments systems in a variety of contexts and is currently writing a book on the politics behind international payments systems standards. Prior to joining CIGI, Dr. Jeffs was the founder and director of the Center for Inter-American Studies and Programs, a Latin American think tank based in Mexico City, where she ran a prestigious fellowship program and oversaw a wide variety of multi-disciplinary research projects. She has also held positions at the Americas Society/Council of the Americas in New York City, in London, UK, and in the financial industry in New York and Toronto. She holds a PhD in International Political Economy, an MA in International Relations and a BA in Political Science from the University of Toronto.
Denise Gregory is the Executive-Director of the Brazilian Center for International Relations – CEBRI. She holds an MBA from the Union College, New York, an MA in International Relations with concentration in International Economics and Latin America, from The Johns Hopkins University – School of Advanced International Studies, Washington, D.C., and a BA in International Relations from the University of Brasilia. She worked as Institutional Relations Director at Investe Brasil, the official Brazilian Agency for investment promotion; as chief of staff to the President of the Brazilian Development Bank – BNDES; as special assistant to the executive secretariat of the Foreign Trade Chamber – CAMEX, and as director and general coordinator of international relations at the Foreign Trade Secretariat – SECEX/MDIC.
Adriana de Queiroz
Adriana de Queiroz is the Executive Coordinator at the Brazilian Center for International Relations – CEBRI. She is responsible for all phases of research projects on international relations and economics financed by international organizations. Her areas of expertise include international trade and economic integration. Before joining CEBRI, she worked as Co-Advisor to the Economic Advisory Department and to the International Relations Council at the Federation of Industries of Rio de Janeiro (2000 -2002, Brazil); and served as a research assistant at the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (CEPAL); as well as at the Institute of Applied Economic Research (IPEA). Ms. De Queiroz holds a Bachelor Degree in Economics from Universidade Candido Mendes and a Master in Economics from Universidade Federal Fluminense. In 2007 she was the recipient of the Academy of WTO Law and Policy certificate from Georgetown University, Institute of International Economic Law, Washington, D.C.. She was Brazil’s representative in the “2008 U.S. Trade Policy Program” of the International Visitor Leadership Program (IVLP) of the U.S. Government (May-June, 2008). She is currently a PhD Candidate in Economics at Universidade Federal Fluminense.
Anthony T. Bryan
Anthony T. Bryan is Senior Associate, Center for Strategic and International Studies and Professor Emeritus, University of Miami. He has spent much of his career at universities and major “think tanks,” and in consulting and advisement to the private sector, governments and international organizations. His areas of expertise are the Caribbean and Latin America, with specializations in Energy Cooperation, Energy Security and Caribbean Border Security. He served as Professor/Director of the Institute of International Relations at the University of the West Indies-St. Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago, Senior Associate at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace and Senior Fellow at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars. He has been visiting professor at Indiana University, the University of Texas at Austin, Georgetown University, and the Graduate Institute of International Studies in Geneva, Switzerland. He is the author/editor of 10 books and 70 journal articles. His most recent publications are on the development of Trinidad and Tobago as a natural gas economy, and on its energy diplomacy.
Timothy M. Shaw
Timothy M. Shaw is Director and Professor at IIR where he sits on the advisory group to the T&T Summit Office and is hosting the annual conference of Academic Council of the UN System (ACUNS) between the two Summits in June 2009. He previously directed the Institute of Commonwealth Studies at the University of London and taught for three decades at Dalhousie University in Nova Scotia. He has researched and written on global development, especially regional cooperation and conflict, particularly around the resources of Africa. He has also been a consultant with CIDA, IDRC, UN etc and is visiting professor in South Africa and Uganda. Dr Shaw edits book Series on international political economy for Palgrave Macmillan and Ashgate Publishing.